- Series - Golang Sonarqube
- 1: How to Use Sonarqube in Go Project?
- 2: How to Use Sonarqube With Docker Compose
- 3: How to Analyze Golang Project by Sonarqube With Github Actions/Workflow?
SonarQube is an open-source platform designed for continuous inspection of code quality. It is used by development teams and organizations to monitor, analyze, and manage the quality of their source code. SonarQube supports a wide range of programming languages and provides valuable insights into the health of software projects.
Key Features of SonarQube:
1. Code Quality Analysis:
SonarQube performs static code analysis to identify bugs, security vulnerabilities, and code smells (poorly designed code). It checks adherence to coding standards and best practices.
2. Metrics and Dashboards:
SonarQube collects and displays various metrics related to code quality, including code duplication, complexity, test coverage, and maintainability. It presents the metrics through interactive dashboards.
3. Issue Tracking and Management:
SonarQube highlights code issues and provides detailed information about each problem. Developers can use this information to prioritize and fix issues efficiently.
4. Continuous Inspection:
SonarQube supports integration with CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment) pipelines, allowing code quality checks to be performed automatically at each code commit.
5. Language Support:
6. Quality Gate:
SonarQube allows you to define a set of quality criteria known as a “Quality Gate.” If the project fails to meet these criteria, it can block further development until the issues are resolved.
7. Custom Rules and Profiles:
SonarQube lets you create custom coding rules and quality profiles to match your organization’s coding standards and specific requirements.
8. Security Analysis:
9. Plugin Ecosystem:
SonarQube has a rich plugin ecosystem that extends its functionality. You can install additional plugins to add new languages, integrations, and custom rules.
10. Integration with Development Tools:
SonarQube can be integrated with popular development tools like Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, Visual Studio, and build tools like Maven, Gradle, and Jenkins.
11. Community and Commercial Editions:
SonarQube is open-source, and there are community editions available for free. Additionally, there are commercial editions with more advanced features and support options provided by SonarSource, the company behind SonarQube.
Using SonarQube with a Golang project involves several steps to set up the static code analysis and perform code quality checks. SonarQube is primarily designed for analyzing Java and other JVM-based languages, but you can use the SonarQube Scanner for other languages like Golang by using a plugin called “SonarGo.” SonarGo is a third-party plugin that provides support for analyzing Golang projects in SonarQube.
Step-by-step guide to using SonarQube with a Golang project:
Step 1: Set up SonarQube Server
Download and install SonarQube server from the official website: https://www.sonarqube.org/downloads/
Start the SonarQube server by running the appropriate script (e.g.,
sonar.shon Linux/macOS or
Access the SonarQube web interface at
http://localhost:9000(by default). Log in with the default credentials (
admin/admin), and change the password after the first login.
Step 2: Install and Configure SonarGo Plugin
Download the SonarGo plugin (JAR file) from the SonarGo GitHub repository: https://github.com/360EntSecGroup-Skylar/goreporter
Copy the downloaded JAR file into the
extensions/pluginsdirectory of your SonarQube installation.
Restart the SonarQube server to load the SonarGo plugin.
Step 3: Install SonarScanner
Download and install the SonarScanner for your platform from: https://docs.sonarqube.org/latest/analysis/scan/sonarscanner/
Add the SonarScanner executable to your system PATH.
Step 4: Prepare the Golang Project
Make sure your Golang project is structured according to the GOPATH convention.
Ensure your project contains a
sonar-project.propertiesfile in the root directory. This file is used by SonarScanner to configure the analysis.
Step 5: Configure SonarQube Analysis
- Open the
sonar-project.propertiesfile and configure it according to your Golang project:
# Project identification sonar.projectKey=my_project_key sonar.projectName=My Golang Project sonar.projectVersion=1.0 # Path to the project sources sonar.sources=. # Define the language sonar.language=go # Define the Go import path (optional) sonar.go.goroot=/usr/local/go sonar.go.gopath=/path/to/your/gopath # Additional configuration options (optional) # sonar.go.tests=./path/to/tests # sonar.go.coverage.reportPaths=./path/to/coverage_reports
- Customize the properties according to your project structure and requirements.
Step 6: Run SonarScanner
Open a terminal and navigate to the root directory of your Golang project.
Run the SonarScanner command:
SonarScanner will analyze your Golang project and send the results to the SonarQube server.
Step 7: View Analysis Results in SonarQube
Go back to the SonarQube web interface at
http://localhost:9000 (or the address where your SonarQube server is running). You should see the analysis results for your Golang project under the project key you specified in the
Now you can explore the code quality metrics, potential issues, and other analysis results for your Golang project in SonarQube.
Please note that SonarGo is a third-party plugin and may not be as comprehensive as the built-in language analyzers. The support for Golang may also be limited compared to JVM-based languages like Java. However, SonarGo can still provide valuable insights into the code quality of your Golang projects.