How to Use Sonarqube in Go Project?

How to Use Sonarqube in Go Project?

SonarQube is an open-source platform designed for continuous inspection of code quality. It is used by development teams and organizations to monitor, analyze, and manage the quality of their source code. SonarQube supports a wide range of programming languages and provides valuable insights into the health of software projects.

Key Features of SonarQube:

1. Code Quality Analysis:

SonarQube performs static code analysis to identify bugs, security vulnerabilities, and code smells (poorly designed code). It checks adherence to coding standards and best practices.

2. Metrics and Dashboards:

SonarQube collects and displays various metrics related to code quality, including code duplication, complexity, test coverage, and maintainability. It presents the metrics through interactive dashboards.

3. Issue Tracking and Management:

SonarQube highlights code issues and provides detailed information about each problem. Developers can use this information to prioritize and fix issues efficiently.

4. Continuous Inspection:

SonarQube supports integration with CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment) pipelines, allowing code quality checks to be performed automatically at each code commit.

5. Language Support:

SonarQube supports multiple programming languages, including Java, C/C++, C#, JavaScript, TypeScript, Python, Go, and more. This makes it a versatile tool for analyzing code in diverse projects.

6. Quality Gate:

SonarQube allows you to define a set of quality criteria known as a “Quality Gate.” If the project fails to meet these criteria, it can block further development until the issues are resolved.

7. Custom Rules and Profiles:

SonarQube lets you create custom coding rules and quality profiles to match your organization’s coding standards and specific requirements.

8. Security Analysis:

With plugins like SonarSource’s Security plugins (e.g., SonarQube Security for Java and JavaScript), it can identify security vulnerabilities, such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting.

9. Plugin Ecosystem:

SonarQube has a rich plugin ecosystem that extends its functionality. You can install additional plugins to add new languages, integrations, and custom rules.

10. Integration with Development Tools:

SonarQube can be integrated with popular development tools like Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, Visual Studio, and build tools like Maven, Gradle, and Jenkins.

11. Community and Commercial Editions:

SonarQube is open-source, and there are community editions available for free. Additionally, there are commercial editions with more advanced features and support options provided by SonarSource, the company behind SonarQube.

Using SonarQube with a Golang project involves several steps to set up the static code analysis and perform code quality checks. SonarQube is primarily designed for analyzing Java and other JVM-based languages, but you can use the SonarQube Scanner for other languages like Golang by using a plugin called “SonarGo.” SonarGo is a third-party plugin that provides support for analyzing Golang projects in SonarQube.

Step-by-step guide to using SonarQube with a Golang project:

Step 1: Set up SonarQube Server

  1. Download and install SonarQube server from the official website:

  2. Start the SonarQube server by running the appropriate script (e.g., on Linux/macOS or StartSonar.bat on Windows).

  3. Access the SonarQube web interface at http://localhost:9000 (by default). Log in with the default credentials (admin/admin), and change the password after the first login.

Step 2: Install and Configure SonarGo Plugin

  1. Download the SonarGo plugin (JAR file) from the SonarGo GitHub repository:

  2. Copy the downloaded JAR file into the extensions/plugins directory of your SonarQube installation.

  3. Restart the SonarQube server to load the SonarGo plugin.

Step 3: Install SonarScanner

  1. Download and install the SonarScanner for your platform from:

  2. Add the SonarScanner executable to your system PATH.

Step 4: Prepare the Golang Project

  1. Make sure your Golang project is structured according to the GOPATH convention.

  2. Ensure your project contains a file in the root directory. This file is used by SonarScanner to configure the analysis.

Step 5: Configure SonarQube Analysis

  1. Open the file and configure it according to your Golang project:
# Project identification
sonar.projectName=My Golang Project

# Path to the project sources

# Define the language

# Define the Go import path (optional)

# Additional configuration options (optional)
# sonar.go.tests=./path/to/tests
# sonar.go.coverage.reportPaths=./path/to/coverage_reports
  1. Customize the properties according to your project structure and requirements.

Step 6: Run SonarScanner

Open a terminal and navigate to the root directory of your Golang project.

Run the SonarScanner command:


SonarScanner will analyze your Golang project and send the results to the SonarQube server.

Step 7: View Analysis Results in SonarQube

Go back to the SonarQube web interface at http://localhost:9000 (or the address where your SonarQube server is running). You should see the analysis results for your Golang project under the project key you specified in the file.

Now you can explore the code quality metrics, potential issues, and other analysis results for your Golang project in SonarQube.

Please note that SonarGo is a third-party plugin and may not be as comprehensive as the built-in language analyzers. The support for Golang may also be limited compared to JVM-based languages like Java. However, SonarGo can still provide valuable insights into the code quality of your Golang projects.

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